Anaesthesia Side Effects
Even though there is a bit of risk with any anesthesia type, large complications or side effects aren’t that common. The risks that appear will depend on a number of things, from the way someone reacts to anesthesia, to the method used and the health of the patient.
The chances of suffering from side effects increase depending on a number of personal risk factors. One of them is the age of the patient, as older people have a higher chance of suffering from side effects. When the patient suffers from circulation, nervous system or heart problems, he also has an increased chance of suffering from side effects. As usual, people that drink, smoke or use drugs that are not legal also tend to be more susceptible to this kind of problem.
Local anaesthesia is usually quite safe, unless it’s not done properly. If the doses used are too high, the effects can be toxic for the body. The end result in this case would be significant side effects for the patient’s blood pressure, heartbeat and breathing. Whenever local anesthesia is used, emergency care equipment should be available as well.
Since the regional anesthesia is done in the vicinity of nerves, it is possible that nerve damage can occur in some cases, though it is quite rare. The end result in such a case would be pain, weakness or numbness. If the anesthesia gets in the bloodstream, there is a high risk of systemic toxicity. The side effects in this case can be infections, bruising, swelling and issues with the lung and heart.
If the patient is healthy for the most part, general anesthesia shouldn’t have any major side effects. Since general anesthesia targets the entire body, there is an increased chance of experiencing side effects than it is with regional or local anesthesia.